Port State Control
In order to keep the safety rules from being violated, it is common for security officers to investigate all foreign ships that are to be anchored on the national ports. Such an inspection is called the Port State Control and is done to ensure that the ship’s condition and operations coincide with the standard rules designed for such purpose.
The provisions for the inspection of ships are held in the IMO. The IMO is a technical document which mentions all important rules that need to be complied with when a foreign vessel arrives on a national port.
Initially, such inspections were carried out only to keep a back-up for flag State implementation. However, later it was realized that inspections done on a regular basis are rather effective and beneficial to the state itself. When a ship is anchored in a particular country, it is common that it will also visit other countries lying in the same region. For this reason, an inspection actually causes no harm and is one of the best ways to look after everyone’s safety in one go.
Often it is observed that in order to conduct an inspection of every vessel, time management is a real problem as a result of which most ships are delayed for no real reason. Although it is the flag State’s responsibility to conduct investigations, the Port State Control is an excellent way to track down ships trying to enter the national ports but do not meet the IMO requirements.
The setup of regional Port State Control has actually been possible as a result of the encouragement provided by the IMOs. Due to this numerous agreements and organizations have been established and the Memoranda of Understanding (MoUs) have been duly signed. These MoUs are meant to cover major oceans of the world which include the follow